The Horn of Africa Studies Program
This program focuses on monitoring and analyzing latest developments occurring in the Horn of Africa and their political, economic, security and military repercussions. Also, it tries to explore potential avenues for developing Yemen's relationships with the other countries of the region.
Economic drivers of conflict and cooperation in the Horn of AfricaAuther: || Date:
The Horn of Africa is one of the most conflict-prone regions in Africa. Despite changes of regime and international efforts to broker peace agreements, the countries of the region experience consistently high levels of violence, within and across borders. The incongruence between the legacy of colonial boundaries, ecological zones and cultural affinities peculiar to the region often means that disputes in any one country have political and economic significance beyond their own local sphere. Among diplomats there is a growing recognition that the interconnectedness of conflicts in the region, and their causes, renders their resolution particularly complex and challenging.
Pirates and How to Deal With ThemAuther: || Date:
In 2008, piracy off the coast of Somalia went from being an irritation to a major global concern.1 Now navies from at least 17 states, organized around three multinational taskforces, are patrolling Somalia’s seas. So far in 20092, 79 ships have been attacked and 19 ships and their crews taken hostage. Pirates captured by various states’ navies are standing trial in Puntland, Kenya, France and the Netherlands. Navies have had some success in their primary aim of disrupting piratical activity and the success rates for pirate attacks has dropped from around 1 in 3 to about 1 in 4. However, as well-publicized cases of pirates being released after capture have demonstrated, there are perceived to be legal constraints on the action of some states and confusion about the legal powers of others.The meeting focused on legal issues concerning the arrest and prosecution of pirates. Other legal concerns such as payment of ransom money to pirates and the use of private security firms are not addressed here.Naval or police action cannot provide any long-term solution to piracy in Somalia. It is very difficult to deal with a law and order problem in a country in a state of lawlessness. Only addressing the root causes, including the internal problems of the country, will offer a way to stop piracy. The naval presence may, however, reduce the severity of the problem, and improving or clarifying the legal framework in which navies operate will certainly help.
The Economics of Conflict and Integration in the Horn of AfricaAuther: || Date:
This file contains a summary record of a half-day workshop held at Chatham House. It examines the economic dimensions of the ongoing conflict in the region and whether and how the economic structure can contribute to conflict or collaboration between the relevant countries.