Political Studies Program
The Program is concerned with conducting studies on political issues appertaining to Yemen, the Red Sea littoral states and the Gulf States (GCC states, Iraq and Iran) as well as MENA. It would also be committed to conduct studies on issues such as comparative political systems, democratic transformation, ruling systems, general and foreign policies and international relations.
Theoretical Framework of DevelopmentAuther:Ahmed A. Saif || Date:
The problems and issues of underdevelopment and backwardness that impede the Republic of Yemen (formerly the Yemen Arab Republic and the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen) three decades ago are still there. Although the modest progress since independence in 1962 in the North and 1967 in the South, it had been seen with the advent of 1997, the problems of underdevelopment are not about to go away. It might be because the policies designed to deal with these problems were mainly reflected the Cold War and the interests of the political leaders, or were responded to immediate events and crisis, where the imperatives of survival have had outweigh the chronic problems they were supposed to treat. Thus, the implemented plans had rarely reflected the basic interests of the people, it appears that the policies have been either aimed at the wrong targets or have had been deflected to serve the wrong objectives.
Class Analysis and The State in The Middle Eastern CountriesAuther:Ahmed A. Saif || Date:
This paper will seek to show the factors that have influenced the development of, and the type of, class that has emerged in some Arab countries. The class has been shaped to a considerable degree by the mode of production. Because there are different modes of production in Middle Eastern countries, for example, Asiatic, pastoral, nomadic.....several different examples have been used to illustrate the effect of the mode of production on the classes.
Democracy and Democratization in the Middle EastAuther:Ahmed A. Saif || Date:
With the end of the Cold War, the hopes of a flourish democracy in the Middle East have increased. Shortly after, a democratic wave followed that was manifested in several representative elections. Democracy, however, was the elite's choice in order to rejuvenate their legitimacy and it has not accompanied by a discernible organised popular pressure. Democratisation in the Middle East, therefore, is attributable to a combination of factors. Some of these factors were specific to the needs of domestic politics, while others were related to external influences.
Political and Economic Liberalisation and DemocratisationAuther:Ahmed A. Saif || Date:
Two decades of debt and austerity, have forced most Middle East regimes to restructure their economic systems. This has included the reorganisation of their public sectors, the encouragement of private and foreign investment and the relaxation of state control over economic activities. In some cases this has also been accompanied by political changes.
The Arab Party SystemsAuther:Ahmed A. Saif || Date:
In Middle Eastern states today, political parties have become the main instruments of politics. There are political parties in existence throughout the Arab World, except in the traditional societies in the Gulf and Arabia, where extended royal families still rule. Even there, there is unofficial opposition.