Economic Studies Program
To efficiently fulfill its obligations and accomplish the SCSS’s objectives, the Program has been designed to conduct detailed economic studies and thoroughly probe Yemen's economic issues and affairs. Priority shall be given to those issues and points that have never been touched upon nor dealt with. More importantly, the Program will embark on the construction of a comprehensive database incorporating economic-based statistics and information to be updated on a timely basis.
The Program intends to offer consultations on different relevant fields via various means and ways. In doing so, it plans to give priority to researches and feasibility studies on state or privately-owned projects. In coordination with the SCSS Translation Department, there would be translations of latest foreign researches and studies of scientifically significant and beneficial nature.
On human capital in post-conflict SudanAuther: || Date:
The objective of this paper is to provide relevant information on various aspects of human capital inherited by the country as it entered its post-conflict phase of development. Such information is judged important for planning the future development of the country. Using established data sets the paper shows that the country's human capital stock, defined as average years of schooling of population aged 15 years and over, is very low (2.1-2.3 years per person in 2000), below the threshold of 4 years beyond which increasing returns to scale for human capital begin to accrue.
Child Poverty: Concept And MeasurementAuther: || Date:
The paper shows that child poverty is defined as severe deprivation in two or more basic needs of food, water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information. Like all other quantitative approaches the study of child poverty requires specifying thresholds for severe deprivation for each of the basic needs, on the basis of which observations are aggregated to arrive at the percentage of children under 18 years living in poverty. The reviewed evidence shows that 40% of Arab children seem to have lived in absolute poverty over the period 1991-2001, a performance worse than the average for the developing world.
A Welfare Analysis of the Price System Reforms' Effects on Poverty in TunisiaAuther: || Date:
The aim of this paper is to propose a methodology, consistent with the consumer theory, that allows the evaluation of the implications of the price system reforms on the poor population’s welfare. This issue poses an identification and a measure problem. It also delves on the poverty line estimation, using a utilitarian approach and the definition of the poor population welfare measures, that allow the assessment of social loss subsequent to the presence of poor people having an income level inferior to the poverty line. Welfare measures advocated in this paper are based on King’s approach (1983).
Impact of Public Policies on Poverty, Income Distribution and GrowthAuther: || Date:
The paper proposes to analyze the impact on poverty of several components of public policies by avoiding the flaws in the scattered literature on the subject. It departs from available literature by directly focusing on the link between public social policies and poverty rather than indirectly through the impact of these policies on specific social outcomes.
Public Investment and Public-Private PartnershipsAuther: || Date:
hile infrastructure needs and financing constraints are more severe in developing countries than in advanced economies, all economies need to maintain fiscal discipline and respect constraints on taxation and borrowing, the usual sources for funding public investment. The Stability and Growth Pact of the European Union (EU), for example, imposes ceilings on deficits and public debt in EU members, limiting their room for maneuver with regard to public investment. Also, all economies, rich and poor alike, must allocate limited resources among competing needs, balancing investment in physical capital against investment in human capital—education, health care, and other social sectors—while ensuring that they have enough revenue to cover current spending..........more
Poverty Dynamics in AlgeriaAuther: || Date:
This paper presented a comprehensive study of poverty dynamic in Algeria between 1966 and 1995. It argued that roots of poverty in Algeria goes back to the days of French colonialism. By the independence in 1962 more than 70 % of the population of Algeria were considered poor. The successive development efforts implemented since the early sixties aimed at modernizing the economy, spurring growth and redistributing its fruits by installing a very generous social net based on providing goods and services at a subsidized prices and allowing free access to health, education and cheap housing rents.
Managing labor migration: Temporary worker programs for the 21st century,Auther: || Date:
This paper has 6 parts. The introduction explains the shift from macro to micro guest worker programs, in part a response to the distortion and dependence in past guest worker programs. The next sections summarize the macro and micro programs in Germany and the US to set the stage for a comparative analysis of seasonal worker programs. It then turns to the dilemma of settlement and numbers versus rights, and the concluding section is a reminder that properly managed guest worker programs can contribute to economic growth and development in sending and receiving countries.
Highly skilled labor migration: Sharing the benefitsAuther: || Date:
This paper outlines the dimensions and impacts of the movement of professional, technical, and kindred or related (PTK) workers from developing to more developed nations; its purpose is to assess proposals for sharing the gains of PTK migration so that such migration does not increase global inequality. PTK workers are those who have education or specialized knowledge that takes time to acquire, usually the equivalent of a four-year postsecondary education.
Information TechnologyAuther:Arwa || Date:
Its Impact on Undergraduate Education in Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology The past decade has witnessed spectacular improvements in the computational capabilities of calculators and computers, and more recently, stunning advances in their communication capabilities. The marriage of these two functional modes has produced powerful information technology tools that have important implications for undergraduate education in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology (SME&T). · First, these tools can enable students to simulate, visualize, model, and experiment with complex, real-world scientific problems, thus promoting exploratory and inquiry-based modes of learning. · Second, information technology¾and within this broader designation, educational, instructional, or learning technologies, as applicable¾can enable collaboration, interactive learning, and new pedagogical approaches that can lead to changes in the way students and faculty interact. · Third, the rapid pace of change in information technology is increasingly impacting the creation, publication, and dissemination of educational materials. · Fourth, there is a need to establish the true costs and implications of the widespread use of educational technology, as a distinct-yet-related component of the larger, national infrastructure of information technology.1 · Fifth, the use of information technology can, if it is made a high priority, increase access to high quality SME&T education. · Sixth, information technology can facilitate connections across disciplinary, institutional, geographical, and cultural boundaries.
Impacts of the Triple Global Crisis on Growth and Poverty in YemenAuther: || Date:
Yemen is an oil-exporting and food-importing country on the Arabian Peninsula with persistently high levels of poverty. The impacts of the food, fuel, and financial global crises are likely to further complicate preexisting conditions of internal conflicts, decreasing oil revenues, and governance failure. The latest official growth numbers date back to precrisis levels; new estimates are subject to much debate; and the current state of poverty in Yemen remains unclear. In this paper, a consistent economic framework is presented to help close this information gap and to better understand growth and poverty dynamics during crises. Results show that economic growth in Yemen accelerated during the food and fuel crises in 2008 because oil-driven growth dominated the negative growth impacts of the food crisis