Social Studies Program
The Program aspires to follow an effective approach in studying different social issues in Yemen and the SCSS area of interest (MENA) and the whole Mid East in general. Its focus shall be on scrutinizing and exploring extremely serious and significant societal issues such poverty and development in addition to the youth and woman issues; education and health problems as well as environmental concerns. Under these divisions, there are other sub-topics and issues that would be tackled.
GLOBALIZATION AND REGIONAL INTEGRATIONAuther:ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMISSION FOR WESTERN ASIA || Date:2004
Demographic Change in the Arab Countries: Prospects for FutureAuther:ESCWA || Date:2008
This paper summarizes the programme of action adopted on the International Conference on Population and Development held in Cairo in 1994. It stresses that population policies should constitute an integral part of the overall issue of development; that raising fertility rates had taken on a qualitative dimension related to the economic, social and educational status of women and men just as it was related to the level of human development and to the level of poverty; and that demographic changes bore a well-established reciprocal relationship to development.
Strategies and Approaches to Enhance the Role of Men and Boys in Gender Equality- Case Study of YemenAuther:Oxfam || Date:2003
Prepared by Oxfam, this paper reviews the socialization process in Yemen, and external factors that contribute to enforcing unequal gender power relations. It provides a review based on successful empirical field- work on strategies to include men and boys in ending violence against women, and conceptual framework to enhance partnership between women's organizations and influential men in the society. It also describes potential approaches to effectively promote men's engagement and changing their attitudes with regard to gender equity building on positive aspects of men's socialization. The paper provides conclusion and recommendations of strategies and approaches that could be adopted in similar sensitive programs elsewhere in particular in conservative countries.
Girls' Education in the 21st Century: Gender Equality, Empowerment, and Economic GrowthAuther:World Bank || Date:2008
This book is based on the background papers developed for the international, multidisciplinary symposium on gender, education, and development convened by the World Bank on October 2–3, 2007. The overview chapter is a thematic paper prepared by the World Bank that brings out the main messages of the symposium. The subsequent chapters reflect the current state of education from a gender perspective and highlight the importance of and challenges to female education as well as the interdependence of education and development objectives. The final chapter presents five strategic directions for advancing gender equity in education. Overall, this book presents compelling evidence of the challenges for educational development and the determining factors for gender inequalities— in education particularly and society more broadly. It also presents examples of country-level experiences that help us understand issues and reaffirm the business case for investing more in female education.
Trafficking in Persons 2009 ReportAuther:U.S Department of State || Date:2009
Issued by the U.S. Department of State, the Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report is the most comprehensive worldwide report on governments’ efforts to combat severe forms of trafficking in persons. This ninth annual TIP Report seeks to increase global awareness of the human trafficking phenomenon by shedding new light on various facets of the problem and highlighting shared and individual efforts of the international community, and to encourage foreign governments to take effective action against all forms of trafficking in persons. The Report includes countries of origin, transit, or destination for trafficking victims. It also represents an updated, global look at the nature and scope of trafficking in persons and the broad range of government actions to confront and eliminate it. As far as Yemen is concerned, the Report recommends that the country takes law enforcement action against human trafficking; improves protection services available to victims of trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation; and institutes a formal victim identification mechanism to identify and refer victims to protection services. Download
Parliamentary Oversight of the Security Sector in West Africa : Opportunities and ChallengesAuther:suhair || Date:
This book seeks to explore specific challenges as well as discernible opportunities for parliamentary oversight of the security sector in West Africa. well as discernible opportunities for parliamentary oversight of the security sector in West Africa. It provides an overview of the performance of selected West African parliaments in the area of security sector oversight, based on a compilation of country
Noble Networks? Advocacy for Global Justice and the "Network Effect" (2009)Auther:Jem Bendell, Annekathrin Ellersiek || Date:
This paper draws attention away from individual engagement in social movements and from single non-governmental organizations (NGOs), toward inter-organizational networks of civil organizations and their role in public policy processes. Taking an inter-organizational perspective on civic advocacy, the paper starts with a theoretical reflection on two bodies of literature: social movement theory, and the literature on inter-organizational networks. The combination of insights from these two areas builds the theoretical background for analyzing the “network effect” for joint advocacy by civil organizations in networks. The network effect, as discussed here, builds on a set of propositions about how organizing in networks affects the network members themselves, as well as how networks change the role of civic action in the policy process. These propositions are presented and discussed from two different angles: inside and outside networks.
The Millennium Development Goals Report 2009Auther:United Nations || Date:
This report presents the yearly assessment of global progress towards the MDGs. With fewer than six years to meet the 2015 deadline to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the report warns that despite many successes, overall progress has been too slow for most of the targets to be met by 2015. Although data are not yet available to reveal the full impact of the economic downturn, they point to areas where progress towards the eight goals has slowed or reversed. The report also portrays the remarkable advances that many countries and regions had made before the economic landscape changed so radically in 2008.
Migration and Social Development: Organizational and Political Dimensions (2009)Auther:Nicola Piper (UNRISD) || Date:
By providing a broad assessment of the state of research on the political dimensions of migration with specific relevance to intra-regional migratory flows between non-Western countries, this paper’s main aims are to: (i) identify organizational and political linkages that could have a bearing on social development in a broad sense, and social policy and service provisioning in particular; (ii) suggest an analytical framework that combines a number of concepts and perspectives deemed relevant; and (iii) point to areas for future research. This paper attempts to investigate the various formal and informal mechanisms through which migrants can and do attempt to influence political structures and decision-making processes in origin and destination countries at multiple levels, that is, local, national and regional. More specifically, the objective is to explore to what extent and how migrants attempt to influence social policy and service provisioning through organizations, in both host and origin countries, that defend the interests of migrants and their families and communities. The analysis shows that these processes, and the choice of or obstacles to certain organizational channels, are shaped by varying opportunity structures.
Pension Schemes and Pension Reforms in the Middle East and North Africa (2009)Auther:UNRISD || Date:
This paper examines the economic, social and political dimensions of pension policy and pension reform in the Middle East and North Africa region (MENA). It begins by analysing the main deficits of the existing public pension schemes and their implications with regards to social and economic criteria. It then moves on to look into past efforts to reform pension policies in selected MENA countries, in an attempt to explain the lack of more fundamental pension reforms until now. The paper shows that the MENA countries have implemented hardly any noteworthy pension reforms in the past and argues that this reluctance is mainly due to political considerations of the ruling regimes as well as to the fact that most MENA countries have until now been able to finance the deficits of their pension schemes. The study concludes that the prospects of reforms that go beyond simple changes in contribution rates or pension formulas remain bleak and draws lessons from the experience of MENA countries for pension reforms in other parts of the world.
Security Sector Reform and Gender (Tool 1)Auther:سهير عاطف || Date:
This tool is designed to provide a basic introduction to SSR and gender issues for the staff of national governments (including in donor countries), security sector institutions, and regional and international organizations, responsible for the development of SSR policy and programming. Civil society organizations, academics and researchers working on gender and security matters will also find it useful.
Police Reform and GenderAuther:suhair || Date:
This tool is intended for use by various actors working on police reform including: police officers and recruitment staff, government officials, international and regional organisations and civil society organisations as well as parliamentarians and researchers. It is designed as a reference tool, with a mix of background information and practical examples and tips to assist in the design and/or implementation of the reform process. The following information can be used as a starting point for incorporating gender issues into a police reform processes
Defence Reform and GenderAuther:suhair || Date:
This tool aims to introduce political and implementation actors to the need for a gender perspective in the conduct of defence reform activities. It therefore addresses both the technical aspects of defence reform, such as the conduct of defence review and recruitment policies, as well as more political level activities, such as civil oversight of the defence sector. The tool provides insight into defence reform processes and the manner in which women can be integrated into the armed forces and defence structures. It also highlights areas for advocacy and civil society mobilization in the quest for democratically controlled armed forces.
Justice Reform and GenderAuther:suhair || Date:
This tool focuses on the institutional reform of the judiciary, law reform and access to justice, with specific emphasis on gender equality. It is directed toward the personnel responsible for justice reform within national governments, international and regional organisations and donors. Parliamentarians, law societies and judges’ networks, civil society organizations and researchers focusing on justice reform may also find it useful.
Penal Reform and GenderAuther:suhair || Date:
This tool on penal reform and gender provides guidance on responding to gender issues within penal systems. It aims to assist those responsible for management, policy making or reform of prisons within their own countries; international and regional actors supporting prison reform; as well as parliamentarians, civil society organisations and others that play a role in overseeing and monitoring prisons.
Border Management and GenderAuther:suhair || Date:
This tool focuses on border management reform and the different ways in which border transactions impact the lives of women, men, boys and girls.The tool is designed to provide a basic introduction to border management and gender issues for the staff of national governments (including donor countries), as well as for international and regional organizations (such as the UN, OSCE, IOM and EU), responsible for the development of border management policy and programming. Parliamentarians, civil society organizations, academics and researchers working on border management and/or gender issues will also find it useful.
Social Dialogue and Tripartism Prerequisites for Economic and Social DevelopmentAuther:suhair || Date:
This paper "Social Dialogue and Tripartism: Prerequisites for Economic and Social Development" was prepared and submitted by Mr. William Simpson, an ILO Consultant, for the "Inter-Regional Arab Meeting on the Promotion of Tripartism and Social Dialogue" that was organized by the ILO Regional Office for Arab States in Beirut from 24 to 26 October 2000.
Democratic control of Armed ForcesAuther:suhair || Date:
This document refers to the norms and standards governing the relationship between the armed forces and society, whereby the armed forces are subordinated to democratically- elected authorities and subject to the oversight of the judiciary as well as the media and civil society organizations.
Macroeconomic Policies and Poverty Reduction in YemenAuther:UNDP || Date:2006
This report on the Macroeconomics of Poverty Reduction in Yemen is part of a global UNDP – supported project that started in 2001 and has grown to encompass policy- oriented research, advisory services and capacity development in 25 developing countries. Among the Arab States, UNDP has supported similar studies in Morocco. Sudan, and Syria.
Water in the Arab World: MANAGEMENT PERSPECTIVES AND INNOVATIONSAuther: || Date:
This volume is intended to serve as a water handbook. It represents the collective knowledge about water resources management acquired over recent years, both within the World Bank water team and with counterparts working in the Arab countries of North Africa and the Middle East (MNA).The chapters offer a cornucopia of ideas and themes. Some chapters are based on background papers prepared for the 2007 “MNA Development Report on Water.” Others draw on sector work prepared at the request of client countries. Yet others summarize observations based on study tours or other learning events sponsored by the World Bank.
Economic and social commission for Western Asia the impact of economic variables on the social dimension of development: education and healthAuther: || Date:
The present study is focused on 11 of the 13 ESCWA members. It includes Bahrain, Egypt, Lebanon,Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the Syrian Arab Republic, Yemen and the United Arab Emirates, and compares the achievements and improvements these countries have recorded in human development. The study outlines the broad patterns of economic development in.
The status and progress of women in MENAAuther: || Date:
This over view update the main findings of the regional Gender report ,with respect to the status of women in the middle east and north Africa, The regional report on Gender and development highlighted several points…more
Economic Development and ProspectsAuther: || Date:2007
The middle east and north Africa region is undergoing a remarkable period of high economic growth…for more
Overview- world developmentAuther: || Date:2007
There are many young people like Georgia, Simeon and Van-indeed more of them than at any time in world history. Each is entering an age fraught with risks and laden with opportunities, not just for them but for their families, their societies, their economies. together their experience will determine quality of the next generation of workers, parents, and leaders…for more