Social Studies Program
The Program aspires to follow an effective approach in studying different social issues in Yemen and the SCSS area of interest (MENA) and the whole Mid East in general. Its focus shall be on scrutinizing and exploring extremely serious and significant societal issues such poverty and development in addition to the youth and woman issues; education and health problems as well as environmental concerns. Under these divisions, there are other sub-topics and issues that would be tackled.
The Feminist Movement in the GulfAuther:Sabika Muhammad al-Najjar || Date:2003
This paper attempts to study the history of the feminist movement in the six Gulf Cooperation Council states, i.e. Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), the Sultanate of Oman and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, with a focus on Bahrain and Kuwait. The movement in the Gulf began late compared to its counterpart part in Egypt and Bilad al-Sham, primarily due to restrictive social traditions and late girls' education. Exhibiting many similarities across the Gulf countries, these movements began with the creation of women's societies, some of which were political, some religious, while others culturally conformist. Issues that were taken up by those societies ranged from women's work, women's political rights, to Personal Status Code, and unveiling, often facing opposition from conservative forces. The author then concludes with highlighting some of the main common problems faced by those movements, namely, limited leeway given by controlling government authorities, weak operating and strategic capacities, and limited reach to women in villages and distant regions.
The Global Gender Gap Report 2008Auther:World Economic Forum || Date:2008
The Global Gender Gap Report aims to examine the gap between men and women in four fundamental categories: economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, political empowerment and health and survival. It does so by employing three basic underlying concepts: Focusing on measuring gaps rather than levels, capturing gaps in outcome variables rather than gaps in means or input variables, and ranking countries according to gender equality rather than women’s empowerment. The Global Gender Gap Report provides a valuable snapshot of the current performance of 130 countries, representing over 90% of the world’s population. On average, over 97% of the gap on health outcomes, 95% of the gap on educational attainment, 62% of the gap on economic participation and 16% of the gap political empowerment has been closed. No country in the world has achieved gender equality. The four highest ranking countries—Norway, Finland, Sweden and Iceland—have closed a little over 80% of their gender gaps, while the lowest ranking country—Yemen—has closed only around 47% of its gender gap (although making gains on economic participation, educational attainment and political empowerment this year).
The NGO-ization of Arab Women's MovementsAuther:Islah Jad || Date:2004
This article traces the development of the Arab women’s movements, with special attention to what the author calls their ‘NGO-isation’. To shed some light on this trend, the article examines the changing structures and discourses of Arab women’s movements, in the context of a development discourse based in binaries such as West/East and state/civil society. The growing number of Arab NGOs in general, and women’s NGOs in particular, must be seen in the context of a broader development trend that views NGOs as a vital vehicle for social change and democratisation. The author argues though that the NGO as a form of organisation is different in critical ways from another kind of organization aimed at social change, namely the social movement.
Gender and Participation in the Arab GulfAuther:Wanda Krause || Date:2009
This paper attempts to explain the significance of women’s participation in government supported organizations in the Arab Gulf states. Looking especially at the official women’s government-organized non-governmental organizations, it questions how they assist government objectives and influence change. In this endeavour, it suggests looking beyond the usual rentier-state paradigm by using broader frameworks for the study of state–society relations. With the aid of governmentality literature, it illustrates how women’s participation through such avenues serves to reconfigure the state. It further demonstrates that these organizations have the ability to play a significant role in development, and, in fact, function as the most important modality of state governance.
Global Gender Gap Report 2009Auther:World Economic Forum || Date:
The Global Gender Gap Report measures the size of the gender inequality gap in four critical areas:1) Economic participation and opportunity – outcomes on salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment2) Educational attainment – outcomes on access to basic and higher level education3) Political empowerment – outcomes on representation in decision-making structures4) Health and survival – outcomes on life expectancy and sex ratioThe Index’s scores can be interpreted as the percentage of the gap that has been closed between women and men. Out of the 115 countries covered in the report since 2006, more than two-thirds have posted gains in overall index scores, indicating that the world in general has made progress towards equality between men and women, although there are countries that continue to lose ground.
Ground Breakers: Using the strength of Women to rebuild the world economyAuther:Ernest & Young ( 2009) || Date:
This report builds a powerful case for the advancement of women around the world as an overlooked and untapped way to meet the challenges of our global economy. The current financial crisis presents a real need to challenge ourselves and to rethink the way we do things. We need to draw on the widest range of talent. The vast economic potential of women as an economic force has yet to be realized. An extensive body of research shows that women make significant and proven contributions to business and economic growth. Now is the time to realize and harness the positive effect that women's economic empowerment and leadership can have on the global economy .
Microfinance Gender Study: A Market Study of Women Entrepreneurs in YemenAuther:Social Fund for Development (2008) || Date:
This report, commissioned by SFD with support from the German Development Bank KfW, builds on the National Microfinance Strategy and Action Plan (2007), the National Women’s Development Plan (2006-2011), and SFD’s Gender Mainstreaming Strategy (2007) by identifying, for the first time in Yemen, the preferences and perceptions of clients regarding microfinance and the extent to which it responds to their needs. The report is intended to provide the SFD and its partner MFIs with information that can be used to improve and expand their operations, grow their client base, and have a stronger impact on poverty; its findings also offer valuable insights to banks and other financial institutions.
Gender and Social Policy in a Global Context: Uncovering the Gendered Structure of ‘the Social’ (2005)Auther:Shahra Razavi and Shireen Hassim (UNRISD) || Date:
In this chapter, the authors root a theorization of gender and social policy in three key, inter-related arenas: the nature of labour markets, the institutional basis for social policy formulation (families, communities, markets and states) and the nature of political contestation around social policy. In the first section, they lay out the gendered nature of economic transformations in the late twentieth century, drawing out the implications for gender equality of shifts in the nature of labour markets and the relationships between paid and unpaid work. In the following section, they link these changes in the structure of labour markets to a discussion of the impacts of social sector restructuring. Here the study examines the gender implications of commercialization and privatization of social services and income supports as well as the policy turn to targeting and social insurance as a response to the exclusionary effects of markets. The third section explores the institutional basis for social policy formulation, examining more closely the assumptions about gender roles and entitlements, especially in the key institutions of family and community and how they interface with the state. The relationship between political democratization and the development of gender equitable social policy is then examined. The authors are particularly concerned with the issue of women’s agency in relation to advocating for social policy change in ways that meet their various needs.
The State of the World's Children 2005 - Childhood under threatAuther: || Date:
The State of the World’s Children 2005 focuses on childhood, defined as the state and condition of a child’s life. The Convention of the Rights of the Child, adopted in 1989, offers a new definition of childhood based on human rights. Yet for hundred of millions of children the promise of childhood that undergirds the Convention already appears broken as poverty, armed conflict and HIV/AIDS threaten their survival and development. The report examines these three key threats in detail, and offers a comprehensive agenda of action to combat them. It concludes by calling on all stakeholders – governments, donors, international agencies, as well as communities, families, business and individuals – to reaffirm and recommit to their moral and legal responsibilities to children.
Addressing Gender-based Violence 2008-2011Auther:UNFPA Strategy and Framework for Action || Date:
This publication identifies priority areas for intensified action on gender-based violence: policy frameworks, data collection and analysis, focus on sexual and reproductive health, humanitarian responses, adolescents and youth, men and boys, faith-based networks, and vulnerable and marginalized populations. It is intended to provide a common platform and technical guidance for UNFPA at country, regional and global levels and effectively guide capacity-development initiatives, resources and partnerships. The strategy also outlines UNFPA's comparative advantages, experience and leadership potential within the context of United Nations reform, and suggests opportunities for improving the efficacy of its programme implementation and technical support.
Integrating Gender in Post-Conflict Security Sector ReformAuther: || Date:
The importance of security sector reform (SSR) has increasingly been emphasized in international engagement with post-conflict countries. Many governments and UN and donor agencies have emphasized women’s participation and efforts to achieve gender equality as crucial elements of post-conflict reconstruction. In 2000 the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 1325 on ‘Women, peace and security4, highlighting the interdependence of postconflict gender equality, peacebuilding and security. Women are acknowledged as playing important roles in peacebuilding and in sustaining security on a communal level. Gender inequality is understood to inhibit development and violence against women to be a pervasive form of insecurity with widespread ill-effects across society. There is also growing awareness of the need to address the particular experiences of men and boys, both as victims and as sources of insecurity.
Breaking through the glass ceiling. Women in management (Updated version in 2004 included)Auther: || Date:
This important study provides a vivid portrayal of national and international efforts to improve equal opportunities and promote gender equality in management. By exploring such issues as discrimination, equal remuneration and gender mainstreaming, it presents a concise overview of the glass ceiling and its effects on women around the world.
The 2006 State of the World's Children reportAuther: || Date:
The 2006 State of the World's Children report focuses on excluded and invisible children who have no access to essential services, protection and participation.
The State of the World’s Children 2007Auther: || Date:
The State of the World’s Children 2007 examines the discrimination and disempowerment women face throughout their lives – and outlines what must be done to eliminate gender discrimination and empower women and girls. It looks at the status of women today, discusses how gender equality will move all the Millennium Development Goals forward, and shows how investment in women’s rights will ultimately produce a double dividend: advancing the rights of both women and children.
The State of the World’s Children 2008: Child SurvivalAuther: || Date:
The State of the World’s Children 2008 provides a wide-ranging assessment of the current state of child survival and primary health care for mothers, newborns and children. It examines lessons learned in child health during the past few decades and outlines the most important emerging precepts and strategies for reducing deaths among children under age five and for providing a continuum of care for mothers, newborns and children.
The State of the World's Children 2009: Maternal and newborn healthAuther: || Date:
The State of the World's Children 2009 examines critical issues in maternal and newborn health, underscoring the need to establish a comprehensive continuum of care for mothers, newborns and children. The report outlines the latest paradigms in health programming and policies for mothers and newborns, and explores policies, programmes and partnerships aimed at improving maternal and neonatal health. Africa and Asia are a key focus for this report, which complements the previous year's issue on child survival.
Review of the integration of a human rights-based approach and gender mainstreaming in health sector planning and processes in Yemen : reportAuther:Annelie Rostedt - Joanna Vogel - Eman A. Al-Kubati || Date:2009
This report presents the results of the human rights and gender equality review of Yemen's Third Five-Year Health Development Plan and related mechanisms carried out in January 2009. It also proposes strategies and practical actions for further integration.
HARD-WON PROGRESS AND A LONG ROAD AHEAD: Women's Rights in the Middle East and North AfricaAuther:by Sanja Kelly || Date:2010
In order to provide a detailed look at the conditions faced by women in the Middle East and understand the complex environment surrounding efforts to improve their status, Freedom House conducted a comprehensive study of women's rights in the region. The first edition of this project was published in 2005. The present edition offers an updated examination of the issue, with a special focus on changes that have occurred over the last five years. Although the study indicates that a substantial deficit in women's rights persists in every country in the MENA region, the findings also include notable progress, particularly in terms of economic opportunities, educational attainment, and political participation.
Women's Rights in YemenAuther:Elham Manea || Date:2010
Part of the report "Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa" published by Freedom House, this report looks at the situation of women's rights in Yemen. The report examines and provides recommendations with regards to five areas of freedom: Nondiscrimination and access to justice; Autonomy, security, and freedom of the person; economic rights and equal opportunity; political rights and civic voice; and Social and cultural rights.
The Effects of the East Asian Crisis on the Employment of Women and MenAuther: || Date:
The differential employment impacts on women and men brought about by the east Asian crisis and the preceding periods of boom-bust cycles and increased openness…for more.
Do poverty Reduction Strategy Paper(DRSPs) address Gender A Gender Audit of 2002 PRSPsAuther:Elaine Zuckerman and Ashley Garrett || Date:2003
Since the world bank and international Monetary fund introduced PRSPs as a prerequisite for borrowing by its poorest and transition country client, they have become de facto national plans with budgets to chive their poverty reduction target, PRSPs must address the gender dimension of poverty including promoting women’s rights and commit to other gender responsive interventions, for more